Thu07272017

Last updateWed, 26 Jul 2017 8am

Ask the Experts

BY SCHOLARSHIP MEDIA

Read Me My Rights

I believe college students are targeted by police, probably for good reasons. What should I know when dealing with police?


All college students think about this, hopefully few are actually in these situations. It should be no surprise that the leading cause of arrest is drug- and alcohol-related offenses, with over 45K annually on campuses. Here are the rights you should know.

The first misconception most students have is that the campus cops have no real power, they are not real cops. This largely depends on the college. Most of them contract state or local police to provide additional security on campus. This means that they have full, official police authority to stop, search, question and arrest suspects on campus or off.

Some campuses employ private security firms, which have limited powers. These are usually distinguished by their uniforms. The limits of their authority depend on university policy and should be understood by students on campus.

Searches are subject to the Fourth Amendment, which protects citizens from search and seizure without probable cause. However, a perfunctory weapons pat down is usually justifiable.

Campus police or security do not generally have the right to enter and search your room or dorm. Under the Constitution, you have a reasonable expectation of privacy for where you live, whether it is a dorm or rented house. Searches are subject to consent or a warrant. However, if the accommodation is on campus, it is private property and maybe subject to different rules. These should be stipulated in your rental contract. Campus security may have the right to enter all university premises without warrants, warn criminal defense attorneys.

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To the Manor Born

Here at the University, we have adequate housing. What is the deal with some dorms providing pools, gyms and saunas?


You and I have the same question. Who is living this lifestyle, at which colleges and how much is it? Student housing from earlier decades had only one goal; provide students with a place to live. With burgeoning college enrollment, the environment began to change and now that dynamic has changed. It naturally increased demand for off-campus housing, and real estate developers quickly recognized an opportunity. Just as expected, outside developers are more cost-efficient housing developers than the host university. One key source of demand, incoming foreign students, prefer to reside off-campus. You and I both missed out. Read about the privileged few.

Lucky students at the University of Georgia in Athens can choose to stay at The Standard, a luxurious apartment block. The development boasts a rooftop infinity pool, racquetball court, state-of-the-art fitness center, saunas, game room and even a golf simulator. Do they have time to study, with a fully loaded kitchen and en-suite bathroom? Plus, it is close to campus.

The Landmark Apartments, at the University of Maryland campus, is just as lavish, with hardwood floors, in-unit washer dryers, 50-inch flat-screen TVs, and en-suite bathroom for all bedrooms. Each unit is stylishly decorated with modern furniture and fixtures, observes Plumeria Bay home furnishings. You can take a break in the private Zen garden or games room, and the development also boasts 24-hour emergency service and video surveillance for security.

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Varsity Blues

I am happy to be in college, but felt better with my mother taking care of me. Really, why do I feel more run down at school?


Your question could be asked by anyone who is no longer living at home, whether you are 18 or 81. The phrases ‘mother’s home cooking’ and ‘there’s no place like home’ should make you realize your life has permanently changed. You now have more freedom, but, like all freshman, you abuse your body and mind. Here is a list of rookie mistakes when living at college. These should be distributed with your freshman class schedule.

The leading factor affecting your college well-being, both mental and physical, is stress. Be aware of your own stress levels and do not be afraid to reach out to a friend, teacher or even counselor if your workload becomes too much. A high number of freshmen feel overwhelmed with college life and long-term depression can lead to higher dropout rates. Sadly, the leading, specific cause of death in college is suicide, with 6 per 100,000 students annually.

Social anxiety is related to stress and can markedly increase it. You are surrounded by new people in an unfamiliar environment and unsure how to behave. Resist the temptation of partying and drinking every day, as your health will rapidly decline.

Lack of proper sleep is another problem of college life. An irregular schedule of classes, study time, part-time work, and socializing can interrupt your sleep patterns. According to studies, the average student misses out on 12-hours of sleep each week. Gradually, it will adversely affect your health and state-of-mind, with the loss of concentration bringing down your grades. Try to avoid caffeine or smartphone/tablet use before bed.

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Chinatown

Our college welcomes students from all nations, with many from China. In today’s economy, should I study foreign business and International relations?


The answer to your question radically depends on what type of business you want to do. China is recognized as the world’s second-largest economy. There are enormous opportunities for business inside China, as well as US import-export. However, the welcome mat is not fully extended to foreigners who want to do business in China. Let us discuss the reasons and how you personally can prepare.

China is not like other countries, as you cannot just arrive and open a business. There are layers of social and cultural nuances to negotiate, many of which are alien to westerners. Knowledge of the language is critical to break down cultural barriers, so learning Chinese in college certainly would give you a key advantage.

According to a USC US-China Institute report, over 51K students were studying Chinese in US colleges. This number is increasing annually, but not as fast as expected. Over 800K students are learning Spanish. Over a billion people speak Mandarin, 16% of the world’s population.

The US trade deficit with China was $347 billion in 2016. This means that the US exports only $116 billion, but imports a whopping $463 billion from China. Those imports consist primarily of consumer electronics, clothing and machinery. The low-cost of manufacture makes business with China appealing, admits electronics importer of a tip calculator.

Local Chinese competition should not be dismissed. Many industries in China are run at overcapacity, with high levels of fragmentation and subsidies from local governments. Time and research, lots of research, needs to be taken before jumping in with business in China. If you follow business news, you find many major companies have dropped plans for continued investment in Chinese expansion. Other established companies have sold their ownership in Chinese facilities or sought Chinese investment.

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Haunted House

Like many others, I am living off-campus. I got stuck with a bad situation. What can I do?


This problem is a common one, which reappears each school year. Even though many have written about this, it needs to be repeated for each incoming class. Colleges vary widely in the number of students choosing to live in off-campus housing. For some, it is well over 50% of students. Here are some housing horror stories. Our advice is to learn from these and ask more questions before you rent.

Off campus accommodation represents the biggest, non-academic expense for students and parents, so it is not to be approached lightly. The first consideration is your roommates, who are they? Living with people you do not know can be a potential minefield. Bad behavior, substance or alcohol abuse, uncleanliness, and noise and partying, can all disrupt your study schedule.

Roommates should have expectations of each other and respect for differing agendas and timetables. Although not legally binding, all occupants should write and agree on a list of acceptable house behavior, before moving in. House rules go a long way to keeping the peace, says a rental properties expert.

If the situation arises that once person has to leave, this will cause problems, if they have nowhere to go. Keeping up with other classmates and their accommodation arrangements will allow some flexibility. People clash and conflicts will occur.

Landlords can be a nightmare. Not taking responsibility for the property, failing to honor the rental agreement, and increasing the rent are all commonplace. The easiest way to learn about your future landlord is to talk to last year’s student occupants.

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Healthcare Heist

I have to choose my courses now, because I want to go into healthcare. If they repeal ObamaCare, does the field still have a rosy future?


Answering this question today, requires not a forecast but a crystal ball. Every single person in our country is going to be directly impacted by the government’s decisions. Let us consider healthcare in the USA as a source of employment. Regardless of the government, the best way to have a future in healthcare is technical training. Here is why.

Over eight years ago, a fledgling Obama administration kicked off a health-reform program, ObamaCare. This drastically changed US employment over the coming decade. Our economy was in recession and needed job creation. The result was an unsustainable employment bubble in the healthcare sector.

One sector stood apart, as the rest of the economy shed 9 million jobs between 2008 and 2010. Healthcare collectively gained more than 550,000 jobs, with a track record of adding jobs every single month during those dark days.

With new legislation and millions of new health insurance policies issued, employment in the health sector jumped almost 9% between 2012 and 2013. According to reports, 15.5 million people now work in healthcare. However, the industry driven by government spending and an aging population. The sector is seen as recession-proof, observed CEO Mark Prip, Medicare Supplement Insurance provider.

Is this boost to employment a gift? The healthcare boom could be a bubble, which could implode with serious consequences. Since women occupy a high percentage of healthcare jobs, they are more vulnerable.

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School Spirit

I am building a new website, that I think is a great idea. What are some creative techniques for marketing to college students?


This is an intriguing question, since we all know about wildly successful college start-ups such as Facebook, Reddit and WordPress. We would prefer to list innovative new ideas just waiting to be implemented. A more helpful approach would be to overview past successes and tell you why they worked, so that’s what we’ll do here.

Marketing to students has a number of inherent hurdles. Your customer base is skeptical and transient. However, students are also tech-savvy, connected, and flush with more discretionary purchasing power, than in high school.

One common marketing mistake is trying to be too ‘cool’. College students are critical thinkers and often cynical, especially towards advertising. Boston-based CampusLIVE is an online portal for academic and social interests, aimed at students. They understand the fickle nature of students, accelerating the rise and decline of many social media sites.

Word-of-mouth is a great tool in the college community; it can also work against you, causing your market to collapse. Focus on product development for a long time before marketing it, advises entrepreneur Boris Revsin. To become mainstream, the students have to sell the product themselves, spreading the word on campuses.

If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is a thousand pictures. Use video. Cable TV is not free or mobile, so students opt for YouTube and Netflix. Flippze, a local campus marketplace for students, has been releasing how-to videos to help introduce and market their products. These informative, short films cover subjects of interest to students: decorating a dorm, cramming for a test, etc. The product is seamlessly promoted within the video. Others created an online fashion show, encouraging students to buy costumes for parties and holidays.

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Ladies Choice

Women’s liberation was before my time. Can I expect now equal treatment in any career I choose?


We selected your question because over half our readers need to learn the answer. However, the focus of the question must be broadened: 1) will you receive equality in every career you choose, and 2) do women choose to go into all careers? Simply, no. Let us explore the problem.

Equality means equal pay, for equal work. The gender gap for average U.S. earnings for women is 80% of earnings for men. In corporate America, you will have to search to find glaring cases of women working next to men, but being paid less, observes insider consulting firm. Federal legislation, lawsuits and employee activism have changed this during past decades. So, what explains the 20% earnings shortfall?

Our hopeful college student is looking forward to her career. What determines whether she will stumble into the gender gap or succeed? The first hurdle is choosing your college major.

The most popular college major is business, with an almost equal number of women and men. After that, the graphs and career paths diverge. Learn the abbreviation STEM, for Science, Technology, Engineering or Math. Or try, Shortfall Total Earnings of Men. The third and fourth most popular major for men includes engineering and computers. We cannot hire more women, if they do not submit resumes to us, concedes high-tech, press parts manufacturer. For women, these majors are not even on the list of top ten choices, Women still prefer education, not nearly as much as a generation ago, and health-related professions.

Are these choices from early childhood socialization? Girls and boys learn different expectations for their futures. There is also the status quo. Enter the classroom for STEM courses, and the majority of seats are filled with men. This has not stopped women from filling almost half the places in medical schools, proudly reflects Ms. Agarwal, a practicing dentist.

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Buyer’s Remorse

Don’t tell me to buckle down, I realize I am an average student here. I could save myself and my parents a fortune, by dropping out. Is it better to be stay here or leave and start working now?


This question, or decision, confronts many students, with different motivation. I cannot advise you to spend money on tuition, that you may not have. You do not need a cheerleader urging college graduation. Studies show you will have plenty of company. Only 56% of students starting college will graduate. The graduation rate in Soviet Slovakia is higher, at 63%.

Let us consider the reasons why you may want to leave. Can an average or even a good student expect to graduate into a high-paying job? Once in school, you become aware of starting salaries and the number of students actually accepting their dream job. A recent study revealed that only 67% of students received jobs in their chosen field. After a large investment of effort, 4 years and thousands-of-dollars, are you likely to achieve your employment goal? Your first disappointment, college is not the real world.

You dodge a bullet, called student load debt. It is now over $1.4 trillion in the U.S, or over $37K per graduate. That will cost you about $350 monthly, to repay it. You already heard about the grads living at home, because it is too expensive on their own.

If you are leaning towards a non-traditional major, will you learn valuable job skills? Around half of women and a third of men choose majors that do not teach marketable skills for high-paying job sectors. Regardless of major, research revealed over 50% of graduates received no additional training at their jobs. These new recruits found they did not have job skills. Another lesson, you did not learn what you needed in school.

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Facebook Flabbergast

I am sure my parents got grief as teens for watching too much TV. I get bothered for too much Facebook. Would you please explain it to them?


More than a question, your complaint reflects a generational shift. We have come a long way since your teenage parents watched some inane sitcom. However, they too struggled to explain its merits to your grandparents.

Today, social media has largely taken over from television as a source of entertainment for young people. Its virtues go much further, as it is a powerful tool to connect people and promote e-commerce.

Since its inception in 2004, Facebook has become the most popular place on the internet, with almost 2 billion users. The majority of users are your generation. Statistics show 88% of people aged 18-29 are active on Facebook. Almost 36% of U.S. seniors are regular internet users. They are all potential FB members, if you can convert them to social media. Why is there resistance to adopt the new media?

There has been a shift in communication patterns. Grandparents wrote letters, parents talked on the phone, or in person, and the younger generation discovered social media. FB can addictively feed your curiosity, much more than a simple conversation. It creates instant popularity and glorifies personality worship, where users seek more contact, says celebrity-watching vacations marketer.

There are more reservations from parents to use it. Students today are more open and trusting when it comes to sharing information online. The concept of ‘friends’ has taken on a much lighter meaning.

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Reefer Madness

With marijuana legalized in so many states, nobody pays attention to its use anymore. Are college students better or worse off now?


When we accept a question for the column, we try to answer it. You appreciate there is no ready answer for you, just a lot of research. It is considered an early stage in the American experiment with decriminalization and legalization of marijuana, concede marijuana lawyers. There are definitely people being hurt by the government’s change of strategy in the war on drugs. Let us see who they are.

A University of Michigan study reported students now smoke more marijuana than cigarettes. Access to the drug is restricted to those 21-and-older. Clearly that does not work for pot, cigarettes or alcohol, says cannabusiness entrepreneurs. In certain areas, usage has increased more on college campuses, than in the older segments of the population, who are legal age to buy pot.

College students have developed an increasingly liberal attitude towards casual drug use. Studies also show that drug use also rose in junior-high kids. Research, and common sense, says this directly followed its legalization.


Concomitant with legalization is an increase in potency. The average THC content in marijuana, the chemical that makes you high, has risen from 1%, in your parent’s generation, to 13% today. We already discussed, access, attitude and potency. Too many variables make conclusions difficult and there is more.

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