Last updateThu, 02 Apr 2020 1pm


Want to Raise Your GPA?

Hit the Gym and the Books

Rasie GPAWhen you exercise, your brain needs energy to keep up with your body’s metabolic needs. However, when you finish your workout, neurons, which are your brain cells, remain hungry for more. Japanese scientists investigated this phenomenon and arrived at an interesting conclusion.

The human brain contains millions of cells, called neurons, that form elaborate networks and electric circuits routing and controlling every task we perform in fractions of a second.

The chemical energy your body uses in walking, singing and bench pressing comes from the catabolic breakdown of a simple sugar known as glucose. Stored in the liver and skeletal muscles, a carbohydrate known as glycogen can be broken down into glucose in feedback loops to maintain a homeostatic balance of a stable blood glucose concentration.

Ten years ago, it was discovered that astrocytes, cells that support and nourish neurons, actually contain small stores of glycogen.

When blood glucose levels run low during high energy aerobic exercise (known as hypoglycemia) muscles turn to the breakdown of carbohydrate reserves of glycogen into glucose, which breaks down further in complex biochemical pathways into the chemical energy that fuels the muscle contractions of your legs while running. 

During your jog, your brain, which is one of the most “hungry” organs, said Gretchen  Reynolds of the New York Times, becomes starved for energy as  well, as it is involved in coordinating movements, balance, vision, breathing, among a myriad other factors.

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Two Weeks in the City of Lights

Student Recalls Time Spent in Paris

Two weeks City Lights

Picture this: You are sitting outside a small French cafe at one of their tables on the sidewalk.  You have an espresso and a croissant and hundreds of people are passing by, speaking French.  The sun is shining and there is a beautiful river across the street.  You are in Paris.  “One of my favorite things about Paris is all the cafes lining the streets,” said Kim Kravitz, junior at the University.  

According to the Assistant Director of Study Abroad, Robyn Asaro, students can sign up to study abroad by printing out an application on the University website. The Study Abroad page includes previous student videos, photo galleries, stories, information with dates, deadlines and frequently asked questions.

Traveling is something that must be appreciated.  I have always been sure to appreciate every minute of my travels.  I am fortunate enough to have been able to visit Paris, France.  During my two week stay in Paris, I experienced so much culture, including, but not limited to the fashion, cuisine and language.  The city is very old and has so much history. “When I went to Paris I never wanted to leave.  The city is so charming,” said Ruth Myers, junior at the University.

Studying abroad is a beneficial experience.  The opportunity to study abroad can increase confidence as well as make a student more marketable to employers. It has proven to be a positive on a resume because only 1 in 100 students get the chance to study abroad. It allows a person to stand out from peers and be more aware of other cultures and values. “Studying abroad is a now or never opportunity. 99.9 percent of students say it was the best decision they made during their college years,” said Asaro.

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Former Hawks Take Over Seaside Park and Become Nostalgic of MU

Two Hawks, two generations and two winnings for the Seaside Park Council. That is the story for alums Robert Matthies, class of 1972, and David Nicola, class of 2000. Both individuals ran for the Seaside Park Council this past November; Matthies was elected as Mayor and Nicola as Councilman. With just a few months under their belts in their new positions, the two former Hawks had some time to discuss serving Seaside Park, as well as to recall some fond memories on the Monmouth campus.

This is not the first time Mayor Matthies has represented Seaside Park in an executive capacity. He was Mayor from 2004 to 2007, chose to take a few years off, and has now reprised his role. “I ran again because of the strong support of the community. I’ve been in elected council for 20 years, and I’ve always felt obligated to my community, and if that means being in a leadership role, then so be it,” Matthies says.

As Mayor, he is Chief Executive Officer of the borough representing citizens of the Seaside Park community. Although the town’s population is 1,500 in the offseason, there are around 40,000 full-time residents in the summer – which does not include visitors to the beaches.

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Twins: Double is Better

What it’s Like to be a Twin

They always say two is better than one, and boy, are they right. Double the trouble, double the noise, double the mess, just double everything. When one thinks of twins, some first thoughts may be that they finish each other’s sentences, read each other’s minds, and even dress in coordinating outfits. But beyond the surface of similar features and mannerisms lies many other characteristics that aren’t displayed straight out of the gate.

To those who grew up with large age gaps in between siblings, twins are born with a built in playmate. Michael Pearson, senior communication major and a twin, said, “I was never bored growing up, because my brother was always around. We didn’t have to play video games all the time because there was always someone to play catch with or play sports against. Also, my brother and I were always on a team against our parents during arguments, so it was good to have backup,” he said.

A common question asked of twins is, “Do you ever get bothered by being associated with each other?” Josh Lewis, senior business major, said, “When I was growing up, I went through periods of time when I hated being associated with my twin, Ben. I always tried to be independent and never liked being referred to as one of ‘the twins.’ Now though, I don’t mind it.” Lewis also said that since both his brother and himself have gone to college, they have actually grown closer than they were before.

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A Separation from Divorce

How Divorce Affects Students and Society


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the current divorce rate in our country is up to 50 percent. That means that when a couple gets married, there is a 50 percent chance that the marriage will end in a divorce.

Alan Foster, sociology professor, said that part of the problem with divorce is that it is too easy to get married in this country.

“You don’t have to take a test and all you need is a couple of bucks and a license. We have a lot of freedom in this country to marry anybody we choose, which could be part of the reason why people get married for the wrong reasons,” said Foster.

Foster also suggested that maybe there is a need for some sort of a pre-marital test to see if people are prepared. People need to make sure they’re with the right person, they have enough money, and they are ready and mature enough to handle being married.

When a family goes through a divorce, they must experience the pain that both sides go through and the sadness that is felt if children are involved. They no longer get to grow up in a normal household, but instead have to live with one parent and see the other one from time to time. It changes everything for everyone involved and can leave a lasting effect. 

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A Living Legend of Business

Meet Dr. Frederick Kelly, Former Dean of the Business School

Living Legend BusinessDr. Frederick Kelly, Dean for the Leon Hess Business School from July 2001 to July 2010, had not always planned to be working at the University. He originally started pursuing an interest in teaching when he was pursuing his doctorate.

“I was planning to return to a career in banking when I finished my doctorate,” Kelly explained, “however, there weren’t openings available at the time and so I started teaching to earn some money while I waited for a job to open up. I found I really liked teaching and decided to continue it as a career choice. I later moved into administration, which I likewise enjoyed immensely.”

Kelly was born in New York City and attended Manhattan College, where he graduated with a bachelor’s degree in economics. Following his undergraduate work, he went to earn a Ph. D in economics, finance and international business at Columbia University.

Before joining the University community, Kelly was Dean of the Gabelli School of Business at Roger Williams University in Bristol and Providence, Rhode Island. Kelly also has served as Professor of Finance and Dean of the School of Business at Seton Hall University’s Stillman School of Business, Fairleigh Dickinson University’s Silberman College of Business Administration, and the University of Baltimore’s Merrick School of Business. While in Rhode Island, Kelly also served as the Economic Forecast Manager for the state under the auspices of the New England Economic Project. Kelly also has served as an administrator and faculty member at Montclair State College, Medger Evers College of the City University of New York, and Adelphi University.

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Electronic Fields Versus Cancer

Electronic FieldsAlmost everyone has been touched by cancer in some shape or form through its mark on a family member, friend, or loved one. Recently, modern science has armed physicians with a new fourth option for treatment against cancer in addition to surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, called tumor treating fields therapy (TTF therapy).

When somatic cells divide, they traverse through a specific phase in their life cycle called mitosis, a process policed by myriad regulators. In cancer, certain aberrations arisen from genetic mutations deregulate cell division and cause the parent cell to divide not into just two daughter cells and cease dividing but into two deregulated daughter cells that simply don’t know when to stop dividing.

This leads into a benign tumor which can be remediated by surgery; but if it persists and continues growing uncontrollably, it exacerbates into a malignant neoplasm, otherwise known as cancer. When the malignant neoplasm gains access to the bloodstream, it will metastasize and invade proximal and distal parts of the body, leading collectively to adverse symptoms too many to count.

Tumor cells pass through metaphase, part midway through mitosis in which all of the parent cell’s genetic material is medially aligned prior to splitting into two daughter cells. The polar nature of the proteins forming the spindles holding this apparatus together allows us to view these proteins as a system of dipoles, which are objects with partial positive and negative charges.

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How to Not Be Single on Valentine’s Day

Not Be Single ValentineAh, Valentine’s Day. That time of year when your television haunts you with online dating commercials, tempting you to log on and meet “the one!” is gradually showing up on the side bar advertisement of every website you log onto and you suddenly feel this compulsion to get into a relationship; even though last month you were living the single life like it was nobody’s business.  It’s time to start looking for a new companion, getting past that awkward first date, and then entering into a relationship.

Now, everybody knows that the beginning of the relationship is one of the most fragile times in the dating world.  One wrong move and you’re immediately pegged as “damaged goods.”  For example, when you meet someone you like, you become friends on Facebook.  That doesn’t mean it’s time to update your status with things like “February is so cold! Wish I had a cuddle buddy!”  Can anyone say creep alert? 

But nothing beats the classic “Who wants to be my Valentine?” status.  Nothing like letting every single one of your 1,200 Facebook friends know that you are getting no action whatsoever.  Facebook is tricky when it comes to dating, so it is important to be on your best online behavior, especially in the first few months.  “Last year, this girl I was seeing sent me a relationship request on Facebook after our third date.  I haven’t spoken to her since,” said Mike Zelek, 21, a senior at Rowan University.

Even without Facebook, the beginning of any relationship is dangerous, also known as Phase one, especially right before the big Vday.  We all act like angels and dance around each other like we’re walking on broken glass.  Girls pretend they “love” football and are die hard “Yankee fans.”  “I always get more texts from girls in February just because they want me to show up on Valentine’s Day with candy,” said Alex Cohen, sophomore at the University.  Guys act like they aren’t jealous when their new girlfriend hugs her lab partner with the perfect cheekbones and perfectly chiseled sixpack.  Anyone who enters into a relationship between February 1 and 13 can officially be labeled as “desperate”.  But then again, at least you’re being desperate together!

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Meet the Real-Life Cupid

Profile of Gary Lewandowski, Psychology Professor Who Specializes in Relationships

Real Life CupidValentine’s Day is quickly approaching and many people will be spending time with their boyfriends, girlfriends, finances, and spouses. But what draws us to these people?

Dr. Gary Lewandowski, psychology professor who specializes in relationships, studies just that. As an undergraduate, he studied at the University of Pennsylvania in Millersville, and moved on to the State University of New York at Stony Brook for graduate school.

Throughout his career, Lewandowski has been featured in many different press interviews, including CNN, The New York Times, Women’s Health, and Cosmopolitan.

Lewandowski’s studies are primarily based on relationships and the self, focusing on aspects of relationships that are healthy and beneficial to the individual. Handson research and experience are also a major part in his studies.

“My job is to be curious. My job is to ask questions. I get to ask these questions about relationships, and I have my own answers, and I get to see if those things are right,” he said. 

One of his main areas of research is the positive side to breakups. Lewandowski often observes examples of this study on our own campus.  “Former students who had me in class would learn about this research and later come up to me and say “Hey, Dr. L., I had a breakup, it was great,” he said. 

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A Day of Love Celebrated Around the World

How Other Countries Celebrate Valentine’s Day

Day Love Celebrated World“Te quiero,” “ti amo,” “je t’adore,” or simply, “I love you.” Valentine’s Day means different things to the many people around the world, and it also carries with it traditions that vary from country to country.

In the United States, Valentine’s Day is viewed as a holiday meant for people to express love and appreciation for one another. Customarily, cards and flowers, as well as chocolate and various candies, are exchanged as gifts. Most of these items are usually in the shape of hearts and are either red or pink. One of the most popular things for couples in the United States to do on Valentine’s Day is to have dinner or attend parties.

From a young age, children in the US also take part in Valentine’s Day festivities. In many elementary and middle schools, students give handmade cards to each other and exchange holiday candy. Kristin Kleinberg, a first year student, said, “Some of my best Valentine’s Day memories are spending the day with my friends or seeing the look on my mother’s face when my father would get her something really great for Valentine’s Day.”

Much like in the US, in Britain people exchange flowers and candy with one another, but a significant difference is the singing children. According to, in Britain, children sing special songs about the holiday, and they are rewarded with candy, fruits, or money. Baking is also a British Valentine’s Day tradition. People bake valentine buns with caraway seeds, plums, or raisins.

Also, in Britain, one month prior to Valentine’s Day, tabloids and magazines publish poems to commemorate the holiday. The tradition stems from British poets who wrote love poems, as well as the romantic versus associated with Saint Valentine.

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The History of the Day of Hearts

Origins of Popular Valentine’s Day Traditions

History Day HeartsThe lights slowly dim, people have only eyes for one another, and murmurings of sweet nothings can be heard as candles in candelabras are lit and the purring of soft music sets the atmosphere around them.

This can only mean one thing: Valentine’s Day is making its annual appearance. Every cliché regarding love and the expectation of love circulates around this day adored by many, and abhorred by more still.

What is it exactly that makes Valentine’s Day so romantic, so couple centric? Or rather still, what makes it so dreaded? Not many may know that the origin of this day goes back centuries and was only recently that it became affiliated with all things X’s and O’s.

The small multi colored candy hearts bestowing its recipient with sweet words of affection and warm fuzzy feelings would be interested to know that Valentine’s Day is based upon the legend of St. Valentine, which dates back all the way to the third century. Though not much is known about St. Valentine, one legend has it that he secretly wed lovebirds unbeknown to the emperor who had outlawed marriage for young men who were more fit to fight in battle with no strings attached than to be wed till death do them part.

When he was found out, St. Valentine was ordered to be executed. Another popular legend is that St. Valentine was killed for attempting to aid Christians flee prison, according to 

Pertaining to the latter, practitioner s of Christianity were quite often subject to persecution and prejudice.

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Contact Information

The Outlook
Jules L. Plangere Jr. Center for Communication
and Instructional Technology (CCIT)
Room 260, 2nd floor

The Outlook
Monmouth University
400 Cedar Ave, West Long Branch, New Jersey

Phone: (732) 571-3481 | Fax: (732) 263-5151