Last updateFri, 19 Jun 2020 7pm


Meet the Real-Life Cupid

Profile of Gary Lewandowski, Psychology Professor Who Specializes in Relationships

Real Life CupidValentine’s Day is quickly approaching and many people will be spending time with their boyfriends, girlfriends, finances, and spouses. But what draws us to these people?

Dr. Gary Lewandowski, psychology professor who specializes in relationships, studies just that. As an undergraduate, he studied at the University of Pennsylvania in Millersville, and moved on to the State University of New York at Stony Brook for graduate school.

Throughout his career, Lewandowski has been featured in many different press interviews, including CNN, The New York Times, Women’s Health, and Cosmopolitan.

Lewandowski’s studies are primarily based on relationships and the self, focusing on aspects of relationships that are healthy and beneficial to the individual. Handson research and experience are also a major part in his studies.

“My job is to be curious. My job is to ask questions. I get to ask these questions about relationships, and I have my own answers, and I get to see if those things are right,” he said. 

One of his main areas of research is the positive side to breakups. Lewandowski often observes examples of this study on our own campus.  “Former students who had me in class would learn about this research and later come up to me and say “Hey, Dr. L., I had a breakup, it was great,” he said. 

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A Day of Love Celebrated Around the World

How Other Countries Celebrate Valentine’s Day

Day Love Celebrated World“Te quiero,” “ti amo,” “je t’adore,” or simply, “I love you.” Valentine’s Day means different things to the many people around the world, and it also carries with it traditions that vary from country to country.

In the United States, Valentine’s Day is viewed as a holiday meant for people to express love and appreciation for one another. Customarily, cards and flowers, as well as chocolate and various candies, are exchanged as gifts. Most of these items are usually in the shape of hearts and are either red or pink. One of the most popular things for couples in the United States to do on Valentine’s Day is to have dinner or attend parties.

From a young age, children in the US also take part in Valentine’s Day festivities. In many elementary and middle schools, students give handmade cards to each other and exchange holiday candy. Kristin Kleinberg, a first year student, said, “Some of my best Valentine’s Day memories are spending the day with my friends or seeing the look on my mother’s face when my father would get her something really great for Valentine’s Day.”

Much like in the US, in Britain people exchange flowers and candy with one another, but a significant difference is the singing children. According to, in Britain, children sing special songs about the holiday, and they are rewarded with candy, fruits, or money. Baking is also a British Valentine’s Day tradition. People bake valentine buns with caraway seeds, plums, or raisins.

Also, in Britain, one month prior to Valentine’s Day, tabloids and magazines publish poems to commemorate the holiday. The tradition stems from British poets who wrote love poems, as well as the romantic versus associated with Saint Valentine.

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The History of the Day of Hearts

Origins of Popular Valentine’s Day Traditions

History Day HeartsThe lights slowly dim, people have only eyes for one another, and murmurings of sweet nothings can be heard as candles in candelabras are lit and the purring of soft music sets the atmosphere around them.

This can only mean one thing: Valentine’s Day is making its annual appearance. Every cliché regarding love and the expectation of love circulates around this day adored by many, and abhorred by more still.

What is it exactly that makes Valentine’s Day so romantic, so couple centric? Or rather still, what makes it so dreaded? Not many may know that the origin of this day goes back centuries and was only recently that it became affiliated with all things X’s and O’s.

The small multi colored candy hearts bestowing its recipient with sweet words of affection and warm fuzzy feelings would be interested to know that Valentine’s Day is based upon the legend of St. Valentine, which dates back all the way to the third century. Though not much is known about St. Valentine, one legend has it that he secretly wed lovebirds unbeknown to the emperor who had outlawed marriage for young men who were more fit to fight in battle with no strings attached than to be wed till death do them part.

When he was found out, St. Valentine was ordered to be executed. Another popular legend is that St. Valentine was killed for attempting to aid Christians flee prison, according to 

Pertaining to the latter, practitioner s of Christianity were quite often subject to persecution and prejudice.

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Thirty-Four Years and Counting at the University

Thirty Four CountingAs busy members of the Universi-ty community, we sometimes forget all of the work that goes behind find-ing our professors, organizing our esteemed curriculums, and financ-ing our residence halls and extracur-ricular activities. However, standing behind all of these imperative deci-sions is Provost Thomas Pearson, Vice President for Academic Af-fairs, who is the longest standing Provost in the Northeast.

Pearson’s specialization is in Rus-sian history, which he said interests him because, “It’s a land of fascinating paradoxes. It is the largest landmass in the world, a history of strong state power, and yet people are still able to evade it and challenge it.” He said that even when he was young, flip-ping through an atlas, Russia always had a “mystifying” quality to it that he was attracted to. Plus, he grew up dur-ing the 1960’s, the Cold War period, which only increased its perplexing characteristics.

He went on to study Russian history as an undergraduate at Santa Clara University, and then as a graduate and doctoral student at the University of North Carolina.

However, Pearson did not ever in-tend to hold the position of Provost. In 1978, he started as an assistant Russian history professor, brought forth from Auburn University to Monmouth College in search of the ability to develop as a teacher. When Pearson was hired at Monmouth in 1978, the then-college was facing some tough times as the faculty went on a two-week strike in 1979, which led to the removal of President Rich-ard J. Stonesifer. Dr. Samuel Magill succeeded him in 1980.

Following his hiring, Pearson served as History Department Chair, Chair of the Academic Policy Com-mittee, Director of the Honors Pro-gram, Coordinator of Graduate Stud-ies, and Chair of Faculty Council, among other positions.

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Need Some Career Advising? Visit Jeff Mass

Former University Graduate Works as Job Placement Coordinator

Jeff MassIt is always a success when University students find a job that they love, and then come back to the University to share their knowledge with current students. This is the case for Jeff Mass, the Job Placement Coordinator for Career Services.

Mass graduated from the University in 2004 with a degree in Business Administration. After graduating, Mass worked as a recruitment consultant for Telcordia Technologies in Piscataway, NJ. He stayed there for a year before moving on to be executive recruiter for Snelling Staffing Services in New York City. After four years of employment, he came back to the University, and has been working here for almost two years.

“Both jobs entailed full life cycle recruiting for various hiring managers,” said Mass. This means that he worked with every aspect in the hiring process, from reviewing resumes to placing people into positions within the company.

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You Too, Can Save the Planet

Easy Ways to Live Green

Save the PlanetNow inhabited by nearly seven billion people, the planet is constantly facing human activity that negatively contributes to the environment. However, there are plenty of ways people can become more environmentally aware and do more to better sustain the planet.

According to, the term “green living” refers to “any actions or activity that results in a positive impact on the environment so that the planet can continue to support future generations.” In order to live green, people simply need to make better choices in their daily lives, such as “choosing paper instead of plastic grocery bags, recycling newspapers and soda cans, driving a fuel efficient car, or eating organically grown food.”

Dr. Kenneth Stunkel, Professor of history and co-author of Economic Super Powers and the Environment: The United States, the Soviet Union, and Japan, said, “Being environmentally conscious is a matter of understanding the fact that I’m a biological organism dependent for my well-being on natural systems, such as fresh water, fertile soil, a healthy atmosphere, and other living creatures.”

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What’s Really in Your Cereal?

The Use of Genetically Modified Organisms in Our Food

Think you know what you’re eating? According to the United States Department of Agriculture, in 2009, 93 percent of soy, 93 percent of cotton, and 86 percent of corn grown in the U.S. were GMOs.

GMOs, or “genetically modified organisms,” are organisms that have been created through techniques of biotechnology, also called genetic engineering (GE).

This relatively new science allows DNA from one species to be injected into another species in a laboratory, creating combinations of plant, animal, bacteria, and viral genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods. Incredible, isn’t it?

“Pesticide companies develop GE food crops by combining DNA from plants, animals, bacteria and viruses, to contain or resist pesticide, which results in more pesticides sold and sprayed,” said Michael Hansen, Chief Scientist of Consumers Union. “Genetically engineered foods contain untested novel foreign compounds that can be detrimental to our health.”

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The Unknown Territories of Black Holes

Scientific Discovery Proves That We Have Much to Learn

Black HolesRecently, astronomers have reported the discovery of some of the biggest black holes found in the universe. One of these gargantuan behemoths, NGC 4889, observed from the Hubble Space Telescope, has a mass of about 21 million times more than that of our sun and is distanced at an incredible 336 million light-years (about two million trillion miles) away, according to the New York Times. The results of their work can shed some major light on black holes and their formation, no pun intended.

Scott Suter, junior biochemistry major, said, “It’s amazing how the universe can be analyzed on a grand and atomic scale, and yet we have no clue what it’s trying to explain to us. These giant black holes are awe-inspiring and bewildering. It just goes to show that we don’t have a clue as to what’s next.”

To better understand what black holes are, imagine a massive star that is about nine to 20 times the mass of the sun. When this star finally matures, the remnant core is about three times the mass of the star. If that remnant, when it stops fusing and stops having an outward pressure, has enough density, it will cause a supernova and release a sublime shockwave throughout the rest of the universe. The star will then condense into what is known as a neutron star.

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Personal Loss Will Set You Free

Life is Short, Live Spontaneously While You Still Can

Set You FreeI was raised very differently from most kids my age and many kids being raised today.

I came from a small, close-knit family, with working parents who hired nannies, and enforced structure. I was raised Protestant, went to church on Sundays, and went to a Catholic high school.

Then, when I was eight-years-old, my mother was diagnosed with breast cancer. For nine years following, I watched my mother struggle, conquer, and then struggle again with the disease.

When I was 17-years-old, my mother finally lost her battle with cancer. At the time, I was a senior in high school, struggling with graduating, finding a college, figuring out who I was, and who I was going to become. Her death left a gaping hole in my life.

I began doing things, good and bad alike, to take away the pain and make me happy, if only for even the slightest moment. I was struggling, learning to contend with difficulties, trying to figure out what was going on.

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Just the Winter Blues... or Something More?

The Symptoms and Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

Winter BluesAs cold weather closes in, the winter chill blankets the campus. With less hours of sunshine and more indoor activities, some people are prone to the winter blues. Not everyone who experiences the blues can come out of it so easily. In some cases, depression can last all season long.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a depression that occurs at the same time every year. It can zap your energy and cause significant mood changes, according to Thomas McCarthy, psychological counselor at the University.

SAD has several symptoms similar to depression but there are a few that make it distinctly different. Everyone experiences a random depressive mood differently, McCarthy said. A person’s appetite can either increase or decrease and sleep patterns can be affected by too much sleep or sleeplessness. “For seasonal affective disorder, it seems there is an increased sleep, especially during the day, and an increased appetite rather than a decreased appetite.”

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Just Another Sibling Rivalry

Student Finds Motivation in Sibling’s Success

Sibling RivalryI have spent much of my entire life competing with my sibling, but that’s normal right?

It’s only natural to compete with those around you, especially a family member.

My sibling and I are extremely alike, we both love sports, love to snowboard, find the same jokes funny and most importantly we love to get on each other’s nerves. Despite all of this, I can definitely say without a doubt that I look up to my sibling more than anyone else I know.

My sibling never gives up, no matter what. It truly is remarkable the amount of drive this person has. It is inspiring. I’ve always joked that I live in the shadow of my sibling, but behind each joke is a tiny bit of truth.

My sibling Noel, is a 15-year-old girl. I am 20.

That’s right, go ahead and laugh. The very person I live my life to inspire and motivate has surpassed me in just about everything she has done up to this point.

My sister, Noel, is a little more than four years younger than me. She excels in just about everything she does. In her freshman year of high school she started varsity soccer and softball, as well as getting in some playing time on the varsity basketball team. Did I mention there hasn’t been a marking period she hasn’t gotten honor roll?

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Contact Information

The Outlook
Jules L. Plangere Jr. Center for Communication
and Instructional Technology (CCIT)
Room 260, 2nd floor

The Outlook
Monmouth University
400 Cedar Ave, West Long Branch, New Jersey

Phone: (732) 571-3481 | Fax: (732) 263-5151