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Volume 90 (Fall 2017 - Spring 2018)

Volume 90 (Fall 2017 - Spring 2018)

The Youth Vote

default article imageCollege campuses are often disparaged as “too liberal.” However, the editors agree that colleges are a place where students begin to explore and discover new ideas and political identities. One editor said that young people in college are generally more passionate about issues surrounding justice and equality; topics which are often associated with left of center political views. Another editor said, “just because a college gives a liberal education, that does not mean that they also [enforce] liberal political views.”

Many of the editors agree that here at Monmouth, the political spectrum is well represented. From students who are more conservative to those who are more progressive, and everything in between; Monmouth University fosters a myriad of political preferences. However, one editor argued, “At Monmouth, I feel we lean to be conservative, at least for the students because of the price of Monmouth which usually attracts the wealthier people, who tend to be more conservative.” Additionally, although students at Monmouth respect each other’s politics, the opportunity to express one’s political views are not reciprocated by one’s willingness to listen to political views other than his/her own, one editor noted.

According to data from the Center for Information and Research on Civil Learning and Engagement, only 21.3 percent of millennials voted in the most recent midterm elections in 2014. Additionally, the Center for American Progress found that in the 2012 general elections, there were 64 million eligible millennial voters;  however, only 26 percent actually voted. This left the editors to question why young voters have such apathy toward politics. One editor said, that many young people believe that their votes don’t count for much; “but that’s only the case if they haven’t attempted to influence their state government and worked from the ground up.” Nevertheless, most of the editors said that they have voted in every election since they turned 18—many of who are even registered with a party affiliation in order to vote in New Jersey’s closed primary elections. One editor said that they are very passionate about voting in their local elections because they want the water in their hometown to be clean; therefore, the editor votes for candidates whom they believes will pass policies to do so. “I think voting is very important and every vote matters,” another editor said. “I believe that if you don’t vote for someone, then you don’t have the right to complain about policies.” One editor noted that a lot of young people may not vote in mid-term elections or local elections because they do not know a lot about the candidates—as opposed to presidential candidates who are campaigning nation-wide. Conversely, an editor said that the 2016 election was their first time voting. “It was a really cool experience because I felt I had done my duty as an American,” she said. “As a female, even though we have come such a long way, I think about the women who fought long and hard for the right to vote; and I want to make them proud and make sure their efforts weren’t in vain.”

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The Outlook Talks #METOO

default article imageAs the #METOO and “Time’s Up” movements continue throughout awards season, celebrities are often embracing forms of advocacy in their speeches and on the red carpet.

Philanthropist and actress, Oprah Winfrey gave a rousing speech at the Golden Globe Awards in January; Big Little Lies actresses Nicole Kidman and Laura Dern spoke about the importance of speaking out and stopping harassment in the industry.

Most obvious was the red-carpet protest – almost all attendees wore black, with some celebrities donning “Time’s Up” pins.

The Grammy Awards saw similar forms of activism as stars wore white roses and the same pins. Janelle Monae spoke about the importance of undoing a culture that has created an environment for sexual harassment and assault; Kesha performed “Praying” with many other female figures in the industry.

While these advocacy efforts have been visible at awards shows, some Outlook editors have questioned whether they are the most effective form of activism, and whether they caused real change.

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Game of Loans: A Look at Student Debt

default article imageYears ago, having a college education was a rarity; today, a bachelor’s degree is almost necessary when seeking employment. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, one-third of the adult population has a bachelor’s degree or higher for the first time in decades.

However, high demand for employees with a degree has left graduates disenchanted with their education and often even unemployed, as well as in large amounts of debt from student loans. 

As more students turn their tassels and turn towards their futures, it’s difficult to launch when weighed down with such a heavy monetary burden. 

“It takes money to make money,” one editor explained, “but what happens when the money invested doesn’t match up to the money obtained?” Many believe that the student debt crisis is overwhelming and that nothing is being done to help; instead, matters are being made worse. 

Student loans can be problematic at conception, as some editors have argued that the process to apply for loans can be extremely confusing. “I think a lot of high school students are unaware of what it means to take loans; it’s something they should think carefully about before signing their souls to Free Application for Federal Student Aid  (FAFSA),” an editor explained.  Many of the editors who have student loans were not fully aware of the process and signed because they needed the loans to attend college.

One editor said that without loans they wouldn’t have the ability to attend school, and are grateful for that, but also struggle with payment. “Of course, especially because in the field that I will work in (social work), the mean salaries are not as high as other jobs, so I hope that my income can keep up with monthly payments to pay off the loans. Student debt has increased significantly, as most people have seen,” the staffer said. Americans now have more than $1.4 trillion in unpaid education debt, according to the Federal Reserve.

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Punchlines that Hurt

default article imageThe United States is said to be a nation of diversity that welcomes people of all races, ethnicities, religions, and backgrounds.

Lately, given our national discourse, the ideology of our nation is being tested, even in our own community.

A recent campus event ran on January 11th by a local non-profit, Hometown Heroes, honored four individuals, including University President Grey Dimenna, Esq., for work they have done to support people in the local community.

At the event, those people being honored were acknowledged for all the good they have done along with students and employees of the University being praised for the various ways they give back.

Among all the honors, there were numerous attempts at humor that were disrespectful of minority groups as well as various other nationalities.

Dimenna sent out an email stating that the comments made at the event were “inconsistent with the values of Monmouth University and hamper our efforts to foster an inclusive environment at Monmouth.”

One editor reacted, “I do believe that the student body, faculty and staff are consistent with values of Monmouth because I have never felt uncomfortable on campus and I feel that there is an overall inclusive atmosphere.”

In the aftermath of this event, we now question whether society has become easily offended by jokes or if overall, minority groups have too often become the punch line of a joke.

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Potential Problems of Pipelines

default article imagePipelines connect us all. From the energy from natural gas heating our homes, or the polyester shirts you and your best friend both wear made from petroleum transported via pipeline to that manufacturer. It is estimated that approximately 2.6 million miles of pipeline crosses the United States delivering precious resources like crude oil, natural gas, water, biofuels, and sewage.

Despite the various purposes of pipelines at large, it is the harmful environmental effects associated with fossil fuels that left a bad taste in the mouth of our editors and quite literally for those whose clean water was contaminated. With oil spills and national protests in mind, our editorial board asked, ‘do the people have a say in the construction of these potentially hazardous modes of transport, and is the issue much larger than oil spills?’

“The benefits of a pipeline are: of course it’s efficiency in transporting fossil fuels; it’s much quicker and overall less expensive,” says one editor, “independence from other companies,” says another, and most importantly “creating jobs and strengthening our nation’s economy.” However, the editorial board agreed “investing in the long run is a bad idea,” and that it “needs stronger environmental regulation.”

Most of our editors were not originally familiar with the system of pipelines embedded beneath the ground of our nation, but considering the U.S. has the largest pipeline system in the world, being buried is something that pipeline businesses are good at. In order to build a pipeline, companies must obtain a Right of Way (ROW).

This is a permit that allows the company to construct and embed pipelines on areas of land. As hidden as the pipelines beneath the ground are, the regulations associated with their construction is equally mysterious to our editors. It has unanimously been determined that while the ROW can be obtained by buying and purchasing land, some pipeline companies strive to construct pipelines in preservation and environmentally protected land mutually owned by taxpayers. In this case, it is up to the government to manage the land with the voice of its citizens in mind.

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Editors Talk Vaccinations

Flu season is upon us, once again making vaccinations a hot topic for discussion. This debate has been present since the invention of vaccines but seems to have grown in recent years following the surge of media and celebrity fearmongering over their supposed ingredient toxicity, side effects, and alleged links to autism, among other factors. These claims have been put to rest by scientific data time and time again, but the debate seems to keep continuing regardless of the proven effectiveness of immunizations.

As far as the links to autism go, editors seemed unified in refuting the false claim about linking the MMR vaccine to autism. “I have learned from all my doctors/nurses/professors that they do not cause any problems like autism. I have learned the doctor who said that they caused autism was discredited,” said one editor. Skepticism, more often than not, seems to come from people being uncomfortable injecting foreign substances into their bodies. One editor expressed uneasiness about “the health effects from injecting thousands of complex microorganisms in an infant’s body.”

Another editor stated, “It’s important to understand that vaccines work not by the injection of active bacteria or viruses; instead only key molecules are used to allow our immune systems to recognize invaders and deal with them before we get sick.”

It’s also important to understand the work that goes into the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) approval of vaccines, which consist of at least three phases of comprehensive testing for toxicity and efficacy, with subsequent testing in large patient populations. As one editor said, “I understand that there are extensive tests that the FDA run on all medications before it hits the shelves.”

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Daylight Savings Time: Is it Worth it?

Twice a year, we must remind ourselves to change the clocks and get used to a new schedule.

It’s Daylight Savings Time (DST): an annual obligation to adjust to brighter mornings in the summer or darker evenings in the winter, and more people question its relevance to our modern society.

In its conception, DST was useful for agricultural societies in which farmers utilized brighter mornings to work longer on their harvest and spend less time doing so in the evening.

Consequently, the hours in the winter were changed since the harvest had been completed. Now that we live in an industrialized country, is DST truly necessary?

Throughout the years, some believe that the intent of DST has changed in accordance to our society’s needs.

Now that our populations have grown significantly, technology has caught up with us and DST is only a part of that initial harvesting process. This extra hour could also provide more time for other individual activities.

In addition to being a part of agricultural practices, many of us at The Outlook associate DST with more daylight hours in the summer.

The clocks move one hour forward, providing extra daylight in the evening for different events. This seems to be a more preferred time change. One editor said, “It would be better for there to be more light at night to prolong the day for people who are at work/school all day.”

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Preventing Sexual Assault through Sexual Education

In recent years, the conversation surrounding sexual assault has become something that is more widely accepted. Victims are encouraged to come forward, forming a community of survivors with new stories coming out every day.

One statistic from Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN), the nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization, says that every 98 seconds, an American is sexually assaulted.

This number has left humanity alarmed, but also scratching their heads. How do we fix this? This question leaves us frustrated and constantly searching for a complex solution when in reality, the problem could be as simple as the sexual education kids receive in their schooling prior to college.

When asked about the quality of sexual education she received prior to Monmouth, one editor stated, “I think mine, frankly, was pretty terrible. We basically learned about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), but didn’t learn how they were passed on or how they could be prevented, it was generally pretty awful, and some things were never covered. We did have a decent amount of time set aside for health, but it usually focused on drugs, alcohol, etc.”

This editor attended a public school; usually, people assume that the abstinence-preaching approach to sexual education is only in private Catholic high schools, but the reality is, it can happen anywhere.

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Tricks, Treats, and Misappropriation

Cultural appropriation is described as the act of taking or using things from a culture that is not your own, especially without showing understanding or respect of and for the culture. Halloween has been a special time of year for not just tricks and treats but also for the conversation of ethics and morals when it comes to culturally appreciative or misappropriating costumes.

“Cultural appropriation is when someone does not know the cultural significance of something (i.e. religious symbol, traditional clothing) and wears it just for the ‘look’ or seeming ‘exotic’ and/or mocking the culture. Cultural appreciation, however, is when members of another cultural background allow you to partake in practices that involve significant symbols, clothing, etc. in order to respect their cultural norms and values,” one editor explained.

 

Recently, the debate has been about children wearing Disney princess Moana costumes and whether this is cultural appropriation or not. While The Outlook editors agree that this is not the case, there is a consensus of understanding the fine line, or at times blurred line, where a costume can be cultural misappropriation and where it can be appreciated and valued.

 

One editor said, “Halloween costumes are one of the most significant and visible ways we partake in cultural appropriation. These costumes, such as cowboys and Indians, are normalized so that people don’t question how those who belong to that culture might be affected by seeing their culture misappropriated/sexualized.”

 

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A Knee’d for Answers

Over the past month, media outlets have been flooded with stories of players in the National Football League (NFL) kneeling for the national anthem. Although former NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick began kneeling for the national anthem last year, the topic continues to spark controversy. These players are peacefully protesting the racial and social injustice that is still present in the United States. Some politicians are distraught with the idea that players are not standing for the flag, furthering the divide of our nation.

What would happen if college athletes decided to ‘take a knee’ during the national anthem? What if it happened at Monmouth?

Editors at The Outlook agreed that Monmouth athletes have the right to peacefully protest, but their opinions varied on how the University and the community would or should react. They also commented on whether or not politics have a place in athletics.

One Outlook editor said that they fully support any athlete that decided to kneel for the national anthem in a form of peaceful protest. “I’ve never seen the act of kneeling during the national anthem as ‘disrespectful’ at all, since kneeling is usually a sign of respect,” said the editor.

“As a woman of color, and a minority in the world (as well as at Monmouth), I would 100 percent stand behind an athlete who decided to take a ‘stand’ by kneeling,” said another editor.

While student-athletes undoubtedly have the right to peacefully protest and voice their views, the University and the community may show some resistance.

“With the University – and West Long Branch – being a conservative area, I feel that there might be some negative thoughts about or said to the athletes and the athletics as a whole,” said an editor.

Another editor acknowledges that there would be backlash and said, “It is unfortunate that there would be a consequence for peaceful protesting, but I understand that with the university climate and our athletic hierarchy that something would happen.”

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The Outlook Editorial Board Discusses Gun Control in the Nation

Following the Las Vegas shooting on Oct. 1, gun control legislation has once again come into the spotlight.

The mass shooting, which took place during a Jason Aldean performance at the Route 91 Harvest Festival on the Las Vegas Strip, left 58 people dead and 489 injured. The devastation occurred in a period of less than ten minutes, according to police.

The shooter, Stephen Paddock of Mesquite, NV, had fired hundreds of rounds from the 32nd floor of the nearby Mandalay Bay hotel, and allegedly had stockpiled 23 weapons, as well as attachments such as bump fire stocks which allowed him to increase the speed at which he fired.  Police also found that he had set up cameras in the hotel corridors near his room, presumably to monitor those who might be approaching.

The backlash after the shooting was immediate. However, as more details came out about the quantity of the weapons, and the types of guns – including AR-15 variants and Kalashnikov rifles – debate began to focus on the specific weaponry used, and the general broad parameters of gun laws.

“I definitely think gun control is too broad,” said one Outlook editor. “There is more that should be done, and I think that is evident in the recent tragedies in the past years that have involved guns. There should be stricter gun laws, making it difficult to obtain a gun, or at least a very extensive process to get one.”

“I think they should be stricter on the types of guns that one can purchase,” added another editor. “Sure, people have the right to have a gun for protection, but they shouldn’t need something unnecessarily powerful.”

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Contact Information

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